After Charles I's march on London in 1642 had been halted, the following year developed into a war of manœuvre. After savage fighting on Lansdowne on 5 July, both sides were badly mauled. Hopton made off to Devizes, where he was bombarded by Waller. But reinforcements from Oxford enabled Hopton on 13 July to counter‐attack his opponents in rolling chalk downland outside the town. Waller's cavalry suffered severely on steep grassy slopes and he lost all his guns and 1,400 men.
Subjects: British History.