Rowlatt Act

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Amritsar massacre

Mahatma Gandhi (1869—1948) political leader and religious and social reformer



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A piece of repressive legislation enacted in British India, following the report of a committee under Mr Justice Rowlatt. The report had recommended the continuation of special wartime powers for use against revolutionary conspiracy and terrorist activity. The Act aroused opposition among Indian nationalists and this was channelled by Mohandas Gandhi into a nationwide satyagraha, known as the Rowlatt agitation, which ended with the Amritsar massacre.

Subjects: World History — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

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