The major artists' exhibiting society in Scotland to have emerged from a number established in the Scottish capital of Edinburgh in the 18th and 19th centuries. Founded in 1826 and granted its royal charter in 1838, in the 1850s it moved in to share half of W. H. Playfair's newly completed National Gallery of Scotland building (opened to the public in 1859). In 1910–11 it relocated again to the former Royal Institution building, in front of the National Gallery, which it still occupies today. Annual exhibitions are held and members are elected to associate and full membership, like the London Royal Academy.
http://www.royalscottishacademy.org/ Royal Scottish Academy website.