Royal Ulster Constabulary

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Created under the terms of the Constabulary Act (1922) as a police force for Northern Ireland, the RUC was modelled on the Royal Irish Constabulary (which was disbanded in 1922), being armed and centrally controlled. The initial establishment was 3,000 men, and it was the original intention to allocate one‐third of this total to catholic recruits: however this quota was never filled. The force had more than 300 officers killed during the ‘troubles’ from 1969, and its restructuring, after the Patten report (1999), was an extremely contentious aspect of the peace process in Ulster.

Subjects: European History.

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