(1728–1813) Italian surgeon–dentist to King George IV, born in Romacoto, north-east of Milan. He studied surgery at the local hospital in Bergamo, and dentistry in Paris, then regarded as the leading city for dental education. He practised in Bath about 1758 before settling in London in 1766. In 1768 he published A treatise on the teeth, in which he described an anatomy of dental organs and stressed the importance of prevention and the detrimental effect of sugar and the dangers of using dentifrices containing mercury and caustics. He established the Royal Cumberland Freemason School in 1788 (now the Royal Masonic School for Girls) for the daughters of impoverished freemasons. The hereditary title of chevalier was conferred on him in recognition of his professional skill and generosity to persons in adversity or poverty.
From A Dictionary of Dentistry in Oxford Reference.