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Edward Stuart Russell

(1887—1954) biologist


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Edward Stuart Russell was born in Port Glasgow, Renfrewshire on 25 March 1887 and died in St Leonards-on-Sea on 24 August 1954. His father, John Naismith Russell was a Free Church minister and his mother, Helen Cockburn Young, was the daughter of a blacksmith. Russell attended the Greenock Academy before going to the University of Glasgow, where he gained his MA in zoology in 1907. His early researches focused on local marine invertebrates, and his early studies of mollusc and coelenterate morphology were influenced by his contact with John Arthur Thomson and Patrick Geddes in Aberdeen. Their anti-reductionistic and non-mechanistic approach to biology and evolutionary theory found a sympathetic student in Russell. In 1909 he joined the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries and began a successful career as a researcher of fish stock management. He became the Director of Fishery Investigations for England and Wales in 1921, a post he held until 1945. He managed a successful laboratory at Lowestoft, edited the international Journal du Conseil (1938–46) and published a classic study, The Overfishing Problem (1942). Russell retired in 1947.

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From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Philosophy.


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