British art critic and exhibition organizer. He was born in London and studied at Magdalen College, Oxford. After war service at the Ministry of Information and the Admiralty, he became a journalist and was the regular art critic of The Sunday Times from 1949 to 1974. He then moved to New York as art critic of The New York Times. His numerous books (mainly but not exclusively on art) include Paris (with photographs by Brassaï) (1960), Max Ernst (1967), Henry Moore (1968), The World of Matisse (1970), Francis Bacon (1971), Edouard Vuillard (1971), and The Meanings of Modern Art (1981). They combine accessibility and an admirably fluent style with sensitivity and sound scholarship. As a member of the art panel of the Arts Council from 1958 until 1968 he organized three exhibitions at the Tate Gallery, London: Modigliani (1964), Rouault (1966), and Balthus (1968); he was also co-organizer of the exhibition ‘*Pop Art’ at the Hayward Gallery in 1969.