Japanese Tendai monk and founder of the Yūzū-nembutsu, a form of Pure Land practice based on Hua-yen (Jap., Kegon) metaphysics. He is also noted for his revival of the practice of musical chanting within the Tendai school and his mastery of esoteric rituals (see esoteric Buddhism). A native of Owari Province, he spent most of his monastic career in the Ōhara district north of Kyoto.an area known as a gathering place for itinerent practitioners of the nembutsu. He had a vision of Amitābha Buddha in 1117, in which the Buddha taught him the interpenetration of all persons and all practices. He spent the rest of his life founding temples and teaching people this practice, even presenting himself before the emperor in 1124.