(1574–1654) Italian architect, scenographer, and stage engineer. He was a native of Pesaro on the Adriatic, which made him a subject of the dukes of Urbino until that state reverted to the papacy in 1638. It was around that date that he created the large Teatro del Sole for his home city, and at the same time published his influential Practice of Building Sets and Machines in the Theatre: the theory and practice of the two projects went hand in hand. His manual reduced the technique of building theatres and sets to simple principles available to ordinary artisans and builders. This implicitly rejected the excessively elaborate and ambitious practices of the expensive baroque theatres of the largest Italian cities, and so made theatre potentially accessible to smaller centres and a wider public.
From The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance in Oxford Reference.