A white crystalline solid, C7H5NO3S, m.p. 224°C. It is made from a compound of toluene, derived from petroleum or coal tar. It is a well-known artificial sweetener, being some 500 times as sweet as sugar (sucrose), and is usually marketed as its sodium salt. Because of an association with cancer in laboratory animals, its use is restricted in some countries.
Subjects: Medicine and Health — Chemistry.