(Meyerbeer: Les Huguenots). Bar. Catholic nobleman, governor of Louvre, father of Valentine. He plots the capture of Raoul as part of his plan to massacre the Huguenots. In the course of the fighting, he orders his men to shoot, not knowing his daughter is in love with Raoul and has joined him. They are both killed by his soldiers’ bullets. Aria: Pour cette cause sainte, obéisses sans crainte (‘For this sacred cause, obey without fear’). Created (1836) by Mons. Serda.