Saint-Simon, Claude-Henri de Rouvroy, Comte de

(1760—1825) French social reformer and philosopher

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French social reformer and philosopher. In reaction to the chaos engendered by the French Revolution he developed a new theory of social organization and was later claimed to be the founder of French socialism. His central theory was that society should be organized in an industrial order, controlled by leaders of industry, and given spiritual direction by scientists.

Subjects: Arts and Humanities.

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