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A nomadic group, known to some as Scythians. They exercised some military and political influence over the Northwest of the subcontinent between about the 5th century bce and the 2nd century ce. Their name has subsequently been given to the ‘Śaka era’, a period beginning in (the equivalent of) 77/78 ce and now the basis for the Indian National Calendar. The Buddha (Śākyamuni) was said to have been descended from them.

Subjects: Hinduism.

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