'Salafi' can also refer to...



Salafī Movements

Salafi Groups

Salafī Groups

Becoming Salafi

Interviewing Salafis Overcoming Fear and Mistrust in Middle Eastern and European Contexts

Interviewing Salafis Negotiating Access and Ethics

Salafi Dynamics in Kuwait Politics, Fragmentation and Change

Lebanon’s Salafis Opportunities and Constraints in a Divided Society1

The Salafi Politicos

Salafi formations In Palestine The Limits of a de-Palestinised Milieu

Salafis at War in Syria Logics of Fragmentation and Realignment

The Salafi critique of Islamism Doctrine, Difference and the Problem of Islamic Political Action in Contemporary Sudan

Jihadi-Salafis Or Revolutionaries? On Religion and Politics in the Study of Militant Islamism

‘Wahhabi’ Influences, Salafi Responses: Shaikh Mahmud Shukri and The Iraqi Salafi Movement, 1745–19301

Salafi Movements and the Political Process in Morocco

The Making of a Salafi Muslim Woman Paths to Conversion

The Temptation of Graves in Salafi Islam Iconoclasm, Destruction and Idolatry


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Name (derived from salaf, “pious ancestors”) given to a reform movement led by Jamal al-Din al-Afghani and Muhammad Abduh at the turn of the twentieth century. Emphasized restoration of Islamic doctrines to pure form, adherence to the Quran and Sunnah, rejection of the authority of later interpretations, and maintenance of the unity of ummah. Prime objectives were to rid the Muslim ummah of the centuries-long mentality of taqlid (unquestioning imitation of precedent) and stagnation and to reform the moral, cultural, and political conditions of Muslims. Essentially intellectual and modernist in nature. Worked to assert the validity of Islam in modern times, prove its compatibility with reason and science, and legitimize the acquisition of Western scientific and technological achievements. Sought reforms of Islamic law, education, and Arabic language. Viewed political reform as an essential requirement for revitalization of the Muslim community. Its influence spread to Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Syria, India, Indonesia, and Egypt in particular. The most influential movements inspired by Salafi were the Muslim Brotherhood of Egypt and Jamaat-i Islami of Pakistan. In the late twentieth century, the term came to refer to traditionalist reformers.

Subjects: Islam.

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