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A mythical lizard-like creature said to live in fire or to be able to stand its effects. The word is recorded from Middle English; from the early 17th century, salamander has been used for a newt-like amphibian that typically has bright markings, once thought able to endure fire. The salamander may be taken as the type of something able to endure great heat unscathed; it is also found in heraldry as an emblem, for example that of Francis I of France.

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