Branch of the revivalist/reformist Sanusi tariqah that broke off from the main order 1887. Founded by Muhammad ibn Salih al-Rashidi in Mecca. Became influential in Somalia through agricultural settlements for runaway slaves and detribalized people. Declared a holy war against British imperialism in the early twentieth century. Originator of the nineteenth-century movement of Muhammad ibn Abdallah al-Hasan, the “Mad Mullah.” Promoted personal piety and advocated the foundation of a society based on a comprehensive application of Islamic principles. Clashed with the Uwaysi tariqah due to the Salihis' political militance, opposition to visitation of saints' tombs, and declaration that deceased saints could not serve as mediators between people and God.
See also Ibn Idris, Ahmad