(1819–1904), mathematician and theologian. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, of which he became a Fellow in 1841, Regius Professor of Divinity in 1866, and Provost in 1888. He was ordained priest in 1845. A strong Protestant, Salmon co-operated with R. Whately in writing the Cautions for the Times (1853), intended as a reply to the Tracts for the Times (1833–41). His lectures on the Infallibility of the Church, first published in 1888, were a defence of Protestant principles against the tenets of the Church of Rome, and well illustrate at once his skill, his vigour, and his humour, as a controversialist. In his widely read Introduction to the New Testament (1885), he was more concerned to refute critical theories than to produce a handbook of reference. His distinguished work as a mathematician cannot be described here. Salmon also took a prominent part in the reconstruction of the Church of Ireland after its disestablishment in 1870.
From The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church in Oxford Reference.