A type of Roman picture frame, named after the eponymous 17th-century painter but actually having no connection with him, which proved particularly popular from the 1680s to the 1760s. Basically a hollow section frame which leads the eye into the picture, it has a wide centre hollow (scotia) and raised convex outer edge and inner sight edge and ogee moulding. The probable source of its profile was the vertical cross-section of the base of a column of the Doric Order. With its play of convex and concave surfaces the frame type was particularly suitable for the mass framing of collections, and the ‘Salvator Rosa’ frame was used as the gallery or livery frame for the Barberini, Doria-Pamphilj, and Spada galleries in Rome. The English version of this frame was the *‘Carlo Maratta’, so-called because it was found on works by that artist.