English architect. He was a pupil of John Paterson (fl. 1777–1832), of Edinburgh, with whom he worked on the restoration of Brancepeth Castle, Durham (1817–21). In the 1820s he designed Mamhead, Devon (1826–38—a mansion in the Tudor style), and established a reputation as an architect of country-houses. His masterpiece is undoubtedly Harlaxton Manor, Lincs. (1831–8), a lavish pile in the Jacobethan style, at once learned yet inventive, with a heavy Baroque staircase inside designed by William Burn. Scotney Castle, Lamberhurst, Kent (1837–44), was a reinterpretation of a more modest C17 manor-house type with cunning massing that made the building look as though it had been added to at various times for the sake of convenience. His Peckforton Castle, Ches. (1844–50), was a brilliant evocation of a C13 castle, conveniently planned, and truly Picturesque. He took part in the important redecorations of Christ Church, Kilndown, Kent (from 1839), which transformed the chancel in accordance with the ideals of Ecclesiology, and indeed was one of the first of its kind in England. He was an authority on English medieval military architecture, and worked on the Tower of London and various castles, including Alnwick, Caernarfon, Durham, Rockingham, Warwick, and Windsor. He built many churches as well as country-houses, ending with the fanciful Jacobethan Thoresby Hall, Notts. (1864–75). His pupils included Eden Nesfield, J. L. Pearson, and R. N. Shaw.
Allibone (1988);Dixon & Muthesius (1985);Eastlake (1970);Hussey (1958);Marsh (ed.) (1999);Jane Turner (1996);J. F. White (1962)