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The saṃskāra performed on the return of the celibate Vedic student (brahmācarin) to his home after the completion of his period of study with his guru; it thus marks the formal end of the brahmacarya āśrama. Its characteristic feature is the taking of a ritual bath (snāna—sometimes used synonymously with samāvartana), after which, until such time as he is married and becomes a householder (gṛhastha), the former student is known as a snātaka (‘one who has taken the bath’). Copious rules are prescribed for the snātaka in Dharmaśāstra, but essentially they are the same as those laid down for the gṛhastha.

Subjects: Hinduism.

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