Celebrated Egyptian Sufi. Was a pupil of Mustafa ibn Kamal al-Din al-Bakri (d. 1749), a Syrian who was a member of the Khalwati tariqah. After his master's death he developed a sub-branch of the order that became known by his name, the Sammani tariqah. Al-Sammani spent the latter part of his life in Mecca. There he became a teacher of the South Sumatran Sufi Abd al-Samad al-Palimbani (d. ca. 1788). He inducted him into his tariqah, which through Abd al-Samad's pupils became popular in South Sumatra and other areas of Indonesia. It is distinguished by its dhikr, a recitation of Quranic verses followed by the recitation of divine names and concluding with prayers.