(Skt., conditioned; Pāli, saṇkhata). Things that are conditioned or brought into being by contributory causes. This applies to anything that bears the characteristics (lakṣaṇa) of arising (utpāda), duration (sthiti), and disappearance (vyaya). The class of conditioned phenomena is contrasted with the ‘unconditioned’ (asaṃskṛta), a synonym for nirvāṇa. Nirvāṇa is regarded as transcendent and not subject to the laws of temporality or causation (pratītya-samutpāda) that affect all phenomena in the conditioned realm of saṃsāra.