(19 May 1895, d. 21 Feb. 1934).
Nicaraguan resistance fighter Son of a wealthy plantation owner, he joined the guerrilla movement in its fight against the US occupation of Nicaragua in 1926. After its end in 1933 he continued to oppose the new President Sacasa, as well as the National Guard under Anastasio Somoza García, as too compliant with the USA. Sandino agreed to meet the new authorities to try and reach a peace agreement, whereupon Somoza ordered his abduction and execution upon his leaving the presidential palace. A martyr at the hands of Somoza, Sandino inspired those who subsequently fought against the Somoza regime, and who united in 1961 to form the ‘Sandinistas’, the Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional (Sandinista Movement of National Liberation).
Subjects: Warfare and Defence — History.