nun.daughter of emperor Aśoka, and sister of the monk Mahinda, she was ordained at the age of 18 together with her brother Mahinda, and, like him, is said to have attained Arhatship on that day (see arhat). At the request of King Devānampiya Tissa of Sri Lanka she went to that country with eleven other nuns so that a tradition of ordaining nuns could be started there. On the same journey she brought with her a branch of the original Bodhi Tree. Saṇghamittā lived in Sri Lanka until her death, at the age of 59. After her cremation a stūpa was erected over her ashes.