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The highest court of justice and the supreme council in ancient Jerusalem, with seventy-one members. The word comes via late Hebrew from Greek sunedrion ‘council’, from sun- ‘with’ + hedra ‘seat’.

The title Sanhedrin was used by Napoleon as a designation for an assembly of representatives of Jewish rabbis and laymen convened in 1807 to report on certain points of Jewish law.

Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Christianity.

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