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(north‐west Borneo) long had trading links with Siam and China and, in the 15th cent., fell under the influence of the sultanate of Brunei. In 1841 the sultan offered it as a rajadom to Sir James Brooke, who had helped to put down a revolt of the local Dayaks and Malays. Sarawak was recognized as an independent state by the USA in 1850 and by Great Britain in 1864. Representative government was established in 1963 and Sarawak joined the Malaysian Federation.

Subjects: British History.

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