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In Homer's Iliad the son of Zeus and the daughter of Bellerophon; he was joint commander of the Lycian contingent of Priam's allies. He is one of the strongest warriors on the Trojan side and takes a prominent part in the fighting. The story of his death at the hands of Patroclus is narrated in detail: Zeus, knowing that he is fated to die, wishes to save his beloved son, but, rebuked by Hera, allows his death and marks it by causing bloody rain to fall. There is a fierce fight over Sarpedon's corpse, until Apollo rescues it on Zeus' instructions; it is then carried back home to Lycia by Sleep and Death (Hypnos and Thanatos; subject of a famous late‐Archaic Attic vase by Euphronius) and given honourable burial.

Subjects: Classical Studies — Religion.

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