(b Faenza, 1729; d Berlin, 1802).
It. composer, conductor, and organist. Org., Faenza Cath. 1748–52; cond. of It. opera and court cond. in Copenhagen 1753–65 and 1768–75. Wrote 20 It. and Danish operas in Denmark. Dir., Ospedaletto Cons., Venice, 1775–9; choirmaster Milan Cath. 1779–84 (teacher of Cherubini); court cond. to Catherine II of Russia 1784–7, dir., Ukraine mus. sch. 1787–91, dir. St Petersburg Cons. from 1793. Made scientific study of acoustics. Wrote over 70 operas, incl. one based on a lib. by Empress Catherine. At Don Giovanni's supper‐party in last scene of his opera, Mozart quotes the air Come un agnello (Like a lamb) from Sarti's Fra i due litiganti (Between Two Litigants).