Dinner club founded at Boston for informal literary discussion (1855). The organization was foreshadowed by the Symposia of Emerson and Alcott (c.1836–44), but credit for bringing the group together is given to Horatio Woodman, a lawyer and publishing agent. At first there were really two clubs, both nameless. The one was purely social; the other, sometimes later called the Magazine Club or the Atlantic Club, was concerned with promoting a literary journal. After the founding of the Atlantic Monthly (1857), this group held banquets for the contributors. By 1857 the Saturday Club was named, and its membership included Emerson, Lowell, Longfellow, Dana, Holmes, Prescott, Whittier, C. E. Norton, Parkman, Howells, Henry James, and other notable figures in New England literature. A history down to 1920 was written by E. W. Emerson and M. A. DeW. Howe (2 vols., 1918, 1927).