; order Lepidoptera, family Nymphalidae)
Subfamily of small to medium-sized butterflies, which are mostly brown, or orange and black, with eyespots on the wings. The bases of the wings are often swollen. The butterflies are generally shade-loving. The larvae have a pair of short points at the anal end. Most larvae feed on grasses and sedges. The subfamily is distributed world-wide.
Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences.