(1883–1966) An influential, and highly controversial, right-wing, Hindu nationalist ideologue. Born into a Maharastrian brahmin family, he was educated in Pune, where he first became politically active. Imprisoned by the British in 1910 for his attempts to engender revolution, he was later released (1924) and eventually became president (1937–42) of the Hindū Mahāsabhā, through which he promoted the ideology of Hindutva, a term he had championed in Hindutva: Who is a Hindu (1923). He was put on trial in 1948 for his alleged involvement in the assassination of Gāndhī, but acquitted due to lack of evidence. (However, a Government appointed commission in the 1960s suggested that he was indeed implicated.) He was a prolific author of revisionist historical and political works in his native language of Marathi.
From A Dictionary of Hinduism in Oxford Reference.