(1747–81) Revolutionary War army officer. In 1774 he became involved in antiroyalist activities in New Hampshire and, when fighting broke out, was commissioned a major by both the Massachusetts and the New Hampshire militias. On George Washington's recommendation, he was appointed a brigade major in the Continental army. Scammell fought at Trenton (1776) and Princeton (1777) and participated in the unsuccessful defense of Fort Ticonderoga;he was wounded at the battle of Saratoga (1777). In 1780 Washington ordered him to conduct the execution of the convicted British spy John André. After 1781 he again held field commands; he was mortally wounded by shrapnel while on an intelligence-gathering mission prior to the battle at Yorktown;his unit was surrounded by British troops, and, while surrendering, Scammell was unexpectedly shot.
From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.