(b Vienna, 1863; d Edlach, 1931). Austrian conductor. Cond. in Liberec 1886, Reichenbach 1888–9, Graz 1889–95, Prague 1895–8, Berlin 1899–1900, Vienna Opera 1900–29 (Joint dir. with R. Strauss 1919–24). CG 1898, 1907, and 1911 (3 Ring cycles); NY Met 1898–9, first uncut Ring in USA (début Die Walküre). Co-founder of Salzburg Fest. Ed. several Bruckner syms., making cuts and, in the deplorable case of No.5, recomposing parts and adding instr. Cond. f.p. of Die Frau ohne Schatten (Vienna, 1919). Joint ed. with Krenek of Adagio and Purgatorio movts. from Mahler's 10th sym. and cond. their f.p., Vienna 1924.
From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music in Oxford Reference.