(b Made, nr. Dordrecht, 1643; d The Hague, 13 or 16 Nov. 1706).
Dutch painter of biblical, allegorical, and anecdotal subjects and of portraits, active mainly in Dordrecht. He was taught there by Hoogstraten and in Leiden by Dou, and he was one of Dou's most distinguished successors in the fijnschilder (fine painter) tradition. His surfaces are as smooth, glossy, and delicately finished as Dou's, but Schalken differed from his master in his lighting effects (he had a liking for the red glow of candlelight) and in his penchant for scenes involving coquettish women. From 1692 to 1697 Schalken lived in London, where he painted a portrait of William III by candlelight (Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam). As with Dou, Schalken's great reputation lasted throughout the 18th century.