(b Monaco, 1878; d Berlin, 1934).
Austrian composer and conductor. Founded and cond. Vienna Phil. Ch. 1908–20. Cond. f.p. of Gurrelieder, Vienna 1913. Taught comp. at Vienna Acad. 1912–20. Cond. at Volksoper. Dir., Berlin Hochschule für Musik 1920–32. His mus. is powerful and expressionist, his biggest success being with the opera Der ferne Klang (comp. 1901–10) in 1912 which influenced Berg's Wozzeck. Among his other operas were Das Spielwerk und die Prinzessin (1909–12, rev. 1920), Die Gezeichneten (1913–15), Der Schatzgräber (1915–18), Irrelohe (1919–23), Der singende Teufel (1924–8), Christophorus (1925–9), and Der Schmied von Gent (1929–32). In 1908 he composed a ballet‐pantomime based on Wilde, Der Geburtstag der Infantin, for str. orch., producing a Suite from it scored for full orch. in 1923. Wrote chamber sym., works for str., and about 50 songs.