(b Straubing, 1751; d Vienna, 1812).
Ger. theatre manager, librettist, singer, and actor. Was singer and actor in troupe of strolling players before becoming manager of Kärntnerthor Th., Vienna, 1783 and later of Theater an der Wieden there. For latter, persuaded Mozart to write mus. for his lib. Die Zauberflöte (1791) and himself played Papageno. In 1801 was partner in opening Theater an der Wien, managing it until 1806. Other libs. by him were set by Schack, Paisiello, Süssmayr, etc. His Vestas Feuer, 1805, was begun by Beethoven, but eventually set by Weigl.