(b Düren, 1868; d Berlin, 1933).
Ger. composer, administrator, and conductor. Ass. stage cond. 1892 and from 1902 chorusmaster at Bayreuth Fest. Prof. of mus., Munich Univ. from 1903. Ass. to Intendant, Stuttgart Opera, 1908–11, gen. mus. dir. 1911–18. Intendant Berlin State Opera 1919–25. Gen. mus. dir. Riga Opera 1929–32. Visited USA 1924 and 1931 with Ger. Opera Co. Comp. 4 operas, incl. Mona Lisa (1915), several monodramas, vn. conc., choral works, chamber mus., and songs, incl. the Glockenlieder with orch. (1908). Second wife was sop. Barbara Kemp.