(b Meedl, Moravia, 1795; d Bockenheim, Frankfurt, 1864).
Austrian violinist and conductor, remembered as friend and biographer of Beethoven. Leader and cond. at Josephstadt Th., Vienna, 1822, Kärntnerthor Th., 1825. Choirmaster, Münster Cath., 1831–5, mus. dir. and choirmaster, Aachen 1835–40. Met Beethoven 1814, becoming kind of secretary 1816, living in his house 1822–4, and caring for him in his last illness 1826–7. Published biography of Beethoven (Münster 1840, many subsequent edns.), but despite its immense value, there are many inaccuracies and scholarship has convicted him of forgeries in the Beethoven conversation‐books. Wrote 2 masses and chamber mus.