(b Berlin, 1900; d Holm‐Holstein, nr. Hamburg, 1973).
Ger. conductor and composer. Cond. in Wuppertal, then Rostock 1928–31, Darmstadt 1931–3, and at Hamburg State Opera 1935–42. Dir., Deutsches Oper, Berlin, 1942–5. Founded N. Ger. Radio SO (Hamburg Radio SO) in 1945, remaining cond. until 1971. Toured Eng. with it 1951 (first foreign orch. to play in rebuilt Free Trade Hall, Manchester). Prin. cond. Stockholm PO 1955–64. Cond. Glyndebourne 1958 and CG 1962. Comp. comic opera, orch. mus., and songs.