(1882–1972), union organizer, New Deal official, and social reformer. After immigrating with her family in 1890 from Saven, Poland, to New York's Lower East Side, Rose Schneiderman watched her family fall into poverty when her father died suddenly in 1892. Although devoted to school, she dropped out to help support her family. Soon, over her mother's strong objections, Schneiderman left her position as a salesclerk for a better-paying—and more dangerous—job in the garment industry. In 1903 she organized the first all-women local of the Jewish Socialist United Cloth Hat and Cap Makers' Union, and in 1905 she led its members in a successful strike against their employers' open-shop proposals.
From The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History in Oxford Reference.