(b Amberg, Bavaria, 17 Oct 1835; d Utting am Ammersee, 2 Sept 1916). German tenor. After singing in Zürich, St Gallen and Augsburg, in 1868 he was engaged at the Hofoper, Munich, where he remained until 1904. He sang David in the first performance of Die Meistersinger (1868) and Mime in the first performance of Das Rheingold (1869). He also sang Mime in Siegfried at Bayreuth in the first complete Ring cycle (1876). In 1882 he accompanied Angelo Neumann's Wagner tour of Europe, singing Mime in the first London performance of the Ring. His repertory included Almaviva (Barbiere), Tonio (La fille du régiment), Lyonel (Martha) and Max (Der Freischütz). Towards the end of his career he sang baritone roles, including Beckmesser and the Nightwatchman in Die Meistersinger, which he sang at his farewell performance in Munich, in his 70th year.
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.