Theophilus Edward Samuel Scholes

(c. 1858—1940) medical practitioner and political commentator

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(c.1858–c.1940). Doctor and writer who was born in Jamaica and grew up in Stewart Town. He studied medicine in Glasgow, later touring Scotland and Ireland to raise funds for Africans to Christianize Africa. He left for the Congo in 1886, where he ran a sanatorium. He returned to Europe in 1887 and eventually took an MD degree at Brussels in 1893; in the same year he went to the African Training Institute at Colwyn Bay, a training school for Africans. He went to Calabar, Nigeria, for the Institute. This experience stimulated his writing, and in 1899 he published The British Empire and Alliances: Britain's Duty to Her Colonies and Subject Races, in which he attacked the disparagement of Africans and pointed out the similarities across societies in development. In 1903 his Chamberlain and Chamberlainism: His Fiscal Policies and Colonial Policy attacked the controversial Colonial Secretary Joseph Chamberlain. Two years later volume I appeared of his major work Glimpses of the Ages; or, The ‘Superior’ and ‘Inferior’ Races, So-Called, Discussed in the Light of Science and History (volume II was published in 1908). Here he attacked the beliefs that underpinned the colonial Empire and pointed to its inefficencies and incompetence, the propaganda that supported it, and the ways in which black people were prevented from developing.


From The Oxford Companion to Black British History in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: British History.

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