(b Graz, 1846; d Kötzschenbroda, nr. Dresden, 1914).
Austrian conductor. Début as cond., Breslau 1867. Cond. Dresden Court Opera 1872–1914 (gen. mus. dir. from 1889). Ennobled by Austrian emperor 1898. Made Dresden among world's leading opera houses. During his 42‐year régime, Dresden had 51 world premières of operas and 117 other operas were added to the Dresden repertory. Cond. f.ps. of Feuersnot (1901), Salome (1905), Elektra (1909), and Der Rosenkavalier (1911). NY Met 1900. Married Clementine Schuch‐Proska (orig. Procházka) (1850–1932), leading coloratura sop. at Dresden 1873–1904.