Gustav Schützendorf


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(b Cologne, 1883; d Berlin, 27 April 1937). German baritone. He studied in Cologne and Milan, and made his début in Krefeld in 1905 as Don Giovanni. From 1914 to 1920 he sang with the Munich Hofoper. After two seasons at the Berlin Staatsoper (1920–22) he was engaged by the Metropolitan; he made his début as Faninal in 1922 and remained with the company until 1935, taking a wide range of roles including Beckmesser, Alberich and Klingsor. He sang the Foreman of the Mill in Leoš Janáček's Jenůfa (1924), the Chamberlain in Igor Stravinsky's The Nightingale (1926) and the Devil in Jaromir Weinberger's Svanda the Bagpiper (1931), all American premières. His younger brother, Leo Schützendorf, and his elder brothers, Guido (1880–1967), bass, and Alfons (1882–1946), bass-baritone, were opera singers of international stature; Alfons sang Klingsor at Bayreuth (1910–12) and Wotan at Covent Garden (1910). A famous performance of Die Meistersinger at Bremen in 1916 featured Guido as Kothner, Alfons as Hans Sachs, Gustav as Pogner and Leo as Beckmesser, the only time all four brothers appeared in the same performance.

From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Opera.

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