poet and short‐story writer, born into a Jewish family in Brooklyn. He achieved early recognition with his story ‘In Dreams Begin Responsibilities’, published in 1937 in the Partisan Review (which he was later to edit, 1943–55): this became the title work of a celebrated volume of stories and poems (1938). The World is a Wedding (1948) is also a collection of stories. Volumes of verse include Summer Knowledge (1959) and Last and Lost Poems (1979). Schwartz's decline into drinking and loneliness and his death in a cheap hotel room created a ‘doomed poet’ legend, and inspired elegies from Berryman: his exuberance is celebrated by Bellow in a portrait of him as Von Humboldt Fleisher in Humboldt's Gift.