(b Riga, 10 Oct 1880; d Berlin, 10 Nov 1926). German baritone. He studied in Berlin and Vienna, making his début in 1900 as Amonasro at Linz. After appearances in Riga, Graz and St Petersburg, he was engaged at the Vienna Volksoper and then at the Hofoper, where he made his début in 1909 as Luna. In 1915 he became a member of the Berlin Hofoper (later the Staatsoper). He made his American début in 1921 at Chicago as Rigoletto, returning as Iago and Germont; he sang Rigoletto again at the Paris Opéra (1923) and at Covent Garden (1925). His many distinguished recordings reveal a lyrical voice of considerable beauty which he used with innate intelligence to project dramatic intensity. He was generally considered one of the most notable singing actors in the early years of the 20th century.
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.