German architect. He directed the German Arts-and-Crafts exhibition in Dresden (1906) and was a founding-member of the Deutscher Werkbund (1907). He advised on the Garden City at Hellerau, designed the crematorium at Dresden, the Handelshochschule, Leipzig, and many houses while in Dresden before becoming City Architect of Hamburg (1909–33). His work there was influenced by the North-German traditional brick buildings with steeply pitched tile roofs, but after the 1914–18 war his designs became angular, hard, and flat-roofed. He published Die Kleinwohnung (The Small Dwelling—1917) in which he argued for industrialized mass-production. Other books include considerations of the problems of large conurbations, planning, policics, and style. He was a pioneer of regional planning, notably at Hamburg. His best work is probably the Hamburg Stadtpark (1910–24).
AuIV (1929);M. Fischer (ed.) (1977);H. Frank (ed.) (1994);Kallmorgen (ed.) (1969);Kayser (1984);Placzek (ed.) (1982);F. Schumacher (1995);Jane Turner (1996);E. Teague (1985)