literary monthly, founded by the younger Charles Scribner (1854–1930), after his father sold Scribner's Monthly. It immediately won distinction as a dignified literary journal for educated readers. Contributors included Stevenson, Henry and William James, Harte, Kipling, Cable, Edith Wharton, Meredith, Stephen Crane, and Huneker, and among the illustrators were Stanford White, Howard Pyle, A. B. Frost, and Frederic Remington. Through the years the magazine maintained its high standards, ever open to new authors, and was the first important magazine to publish the fiction of Hemingway and Wolfe. Loss of circulation resulted in its purchase by a new editor (1936), who attempted to popularize it by meeting a lower level of public taste.