(b nr. Weimar, 1622; d Königsberg, 1683). Ger. composer. Settled in Königsberg 1650, becoming cantor of cath. 1661. Court Kapellmeister of Brandenburg 1663–79. His major work was a St Matthew Passion, comp. c. 1663, scored for soloists, 5-part ch., and 2 vns., 4 viols, and continuo, and the earliest setting known to incl. chorales. Also comp. Funeral Songs for 5 vv. and continuo (1663–80), and many occasional pieces.
From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music in Oxford Reference.