(b Brandys nad Labem, 13 Aug. 1843; d Prague, 17 May 1903). Czech composer and conductor. At the age of 11 he entered the Prague Conservatory to study the violin and composition. In 1865 he had considerable success with his first opera Templáři na Moravě (‘The Templars in Moravia’), the first opera to an original Czech text to be given in the Provisional Theatre after Škroup's The Tinker. His succeeding operas Drahomíra (1867) and Nevěsta husitská (‘The Hussite Bride’, 1868) were also well received, but the failure of his ‘fantastic-romantic’ opera Blanka (1870) marked the beginning of a decline in his fortunes. His works included (besides five operas) chamber music, overtures, songs, choral music, and four symphonies.
From The Oxford Companion to Music in Oxford Reference.